The term or name parliament is came from 11th century Old French parlement meaning “to talk”. By 15th century in Britain it had come to specifically mean the legislature.
In modern politics and history, a Parliament is the supreme legislative and elected body of any form of a government. The parliament directly or indirectly makes and regulates the law and order by authorised bodies. Mostly legislatures are divided into executive and judicial branches. Legislature may be bicameral or unicameral. Legislatures vary in the amount of political powers. In any democratic country generally there are two houses in each parliament naming upper and lower house.
Different country has a different parliament name. National Assembly, Parliament and Congress are some common names of legislature(parliament) of most nations.
Today jobprostuti will discuss important names of nations/countries ruled by a parliamentary system or legislature. All should learn these names for general knowledge or quiz or competitive exams such as psc, ssc, upsc, rail, defence exams etc. The brackets show all the country’s mother continent
List of legislature of countries
Here is a alphabetically ordered list of name of parliament of world’s different countries with belonging continents.
Country Parliament Name
Afghanistan(Asia) National Assembly
Albania(Europe) People’s Congress
Angola(Africa) National Assembly
Argentina(SouthAmerica) National Congress
Australia(Oceanea) Parliament of Australia
Austria(Europe) Austrian Parliament
Azerbaijan(Europe,Asia) National Assembly
Bahrain(Asia) National Assembly
Belgium(Europe) Federal Parliament
Benin(Africa) National Assembly
Bolivia Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Brazil(South America) National Congress
Canada(North America) Congress
Cape Verde(Africa) Peoples National Assembly
Chile(South America) National Congress
China(Main)(Asia) National People’s Congress
Costa Rica Legislative Assembly
Croatia Croatian Assembly
Cuba(North America) National Assembly of People’s Power
Czeck Republic(Europe) Parliament
Equador(South America) National Assembly
Estonia(Europe) Riigicogu (StateAssembly)
Georgia Parliament of Georgia
Greece(Europe) Parliament of the Hellenes
Grenada(North America) House of Representatives
Guatemala Congress of the Republic
Guyana National Assembly
Haiti(North America) Chamber of Deputies Senate
Hungary(Europe) National Assembly
Indonesia(Asia) People’s Consultative Assembly
Italy(Europe) Italian Parliament
Japan(Asia) National Diet
Jamaica(North America) Parliament of Jamaica
Jordan Majlis al-Umma
Kenya(Africa) Parliament of Kenya
Kuwait(Asia) National Assembly
Bangladesh(Asia) Jatiya Sansad
Laos(Asia) National Assembly
Lybia(Africa) General National Congress
Madagascar(Africa) National People’s Assembly
Malaysia(Asia) Diwan Rakiat Diwan Negara
Mali(Africa) National Assembly
Malta(Europe) Parliament of Malta
Mauritius(Africa) National Assembly
Mexico(North America) Congress of the Union
State Great Khural
Mojambique(Africa) Assembly Of The Republic
Morocco(Africa) Parliament of Morocco
Myanmar(Asia) Pyithu Hluttaw(Assembly of the Union)
Netherlands(Europe) The States General
North Korea(Asia)Supreme People’s Assembly
Paraguay(South America) Congress
Poland(Europe) National Assembly
Portugal(Europe,Africa) Assembly of the Republic
Russia(Europe,Asia) Federal Assembly
Saudi Arabia(Asia)Majlis Ash-Shura
Scotland Scottish Parliament
South Africa(Africa) Parliament
House of Assembly of S. Africa
Spain(Europe,Africa) Cortes Generales
Switzerland(Europe) Federal Assembly
Ukraine Verkhovna Rada
United Kindom(Europe) Congress
USA(North America) Congress
Uruguay(South America) General Assembly
Historic facts behind Country’s Parliamentary name
Its fact that Lesiglature is the parliament name of Liberia. The structure of Liberian parliament is bicameral one is the Senate which is upper house and the House of Representatives which is lower house. The Liberian parliament consists of 30 Senators and 73 Representatives.
The Verkhovna Rada is the parliament name of Ukraine. The parliament of Ukranian government is unicameral and structured with 450 deputies or members.
The zemsky sobor was the first Russian parliament of the feudal Estates type, in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The Scottish Parliament is the parliament name of Scotland. The parliament is unicameral and legislative body of Scotland government structured with 129 members.
The Althing the parliament of Iceland formed in 930 AD, believed to be the oldest parliament in the world. Iceland’s parliament house that is Althing located in Reykjavik, was built in 1880-1881.
The Federal Diet of Switzerland was the legislative and executive body of the Swiss Confederacy which existed till the formation of the Swiss Federal state in 1848.
The Folketing popularly known as Danish Parliament is the unicameral national parliament of the Kingdom of Denmark which was established in 1849.
The State Great Khural is the unicameral parliament of Mangolia with 76 members.
The Storting is the supreme legislature of Norway established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway. The unicameral parliament of Norway is structured with 169 members.
The Knesset is the national unicameral legislature of Israel structured with 120 members.
The Bundestag is the supreme legislature of federal Germany established in 1949. It consists of 709 members.
The Cortes Generales is the national bicameral legislature of Spain. Cortes parliament is structured with 616 members
The National Diet is the national bicameral legislature of Japan. The national parliament of Japan is structured with 717 members.
The Saeima is the parliament name of Republic of Latvia. This unicameral parliament is structured with 100 members.
The Riksdag is the national unicameral legislature of Sweden. The Swedish parliament is structured with 349 members.
Hellenic Parliament or Parliament of the Hellenes is the national unicameral legislature of Greece structured with 300 members.
The Oireachtas is the national bicameral legislature of Republic of Ireland. The parliament of Ireland is structured with 218 seats for members.
The Sansad or Parliament of India is the bicameral legislative body of Republic of India established in 26 January 1950. The two houses of the parliament consists of 790 members.
The Seimas is the name of parliament of Republic of Lithuania. The Seimas is unicameral and legislature of the government of Lithuania. Its 141 members are elected for a term of four year.
The United States Congress is the parliament or legislature of federal government of the United States established in 1789. The two houses(The Senate and The Representatives) of the US Congress consist of total 535 voting members.