List of Parliament Name of countries|Legislature of countries

The term or name parliament is came from  11th century Old French parlement meaning “to talk”. By 15th century in Britain it had come to specifically mean the legislature.

In modern politics and history, a Parliament is the supreme legislative and elected body of any form of a government. The parliament directly or indirectly makes and regulates the law and order by authorised bodies. Mostly legislatures are divided into executive and judicial branches. Legislature may be bicameral or unicameral. Legislatures vary in the amount of political powers. In any democratic country generally there are two houses in each parliament naming upper and lower house.

Different country has a different parliament name. National Assembly, Parliament and Congress are some common names of legislature(parliament) of most nations.

Today jobprostuti will discuss important names of nations/countries ruled by a parliamentary system or legislature. All should learn these names for general knowledge or quiz or competitive exams such as psc, ssc, upsc, rail, defence exams etc. The brackets show all the country’s mother continent

Check also List of Capital & Currency of all countries

List of legislature of countries

Here is a alphabetically ordered list of name of parliament of world’s different countries with belonging continents.


Country                   Parliament Name

Afghanistan(Asia)                 National                                                               Assembly

Albania(Europe)   People’s Congress

Angola(Africa)    National Assembly

Argentina(SouthAmerica)                                                                National Congress

Australia(Oceanea)  Parliament of Australia

Austria(Europe)                     Austrian                                                            Parliament

Azerbaijan(Europe,Asia)     National                                                             Assembly

Bahrain(Asia)     National Assembly

Barbados                          Parliament

Belgium(Europe)                   Federal                                                            Parliament 

Benin(Africa)      National Assembly

Bolivia         Plurinational Legislative                                                              Assembly

Botswana(Africa)            Parliament

Brazil(South America)        National                                                                Congress

Bulgaria(Europe)National Assembly

Cambodia(Asia)                Parliament

Canada(North America)    Congress

Cape Verde(Africa)               Peoples                                              National Assembly

Chile(South America)           National                                                               Congress

China(Main)(Asia)                 National                                             People’s Congress

China(Nationalist,Asia)           Yuwan

Costa Rica       Legislative Assembly

Croatia                 Croatian Assembly

Cuba(North America)           National                             Assembly of People’s Power

Czeck Republic(Europe)  Parliament

Denmark(Europe)                Folketing

Egypt                                  Parliament

Equador(South America)                                                                   National Assembly

Estonia(Europe) Riigicogu (StateAssembly)

Fiji                                        Parliament

Finland(Europe)                 Parliament 

France(Europe)                  Parliament 

Georgia           Parliament of Georgia

Germany(Europe)              Bundestag

Ghana                                 Parliament

Greece(Europe)     Parliament of the                                                                Hellenes

Grenada(North America)    House of                                                   Representatives

Guatemala Congress of the Republic

Guyana                 National Assembly

Haiti(North America)     Chamber of                                                   Deputies Senate

Hungary(Europe)                  National                                                              Assembly

Iceland(Europe)                      Althing

India(Asia)                               Sansad

Indonesia(Asia)                     People’s                                       Consultative Assembly

Iran(Asia)                                   Majlis

Ireland(Europe)                 Oireachtas

Israel(Asia)                            Knesset

Italy(Europe)         Italian Parliament

Japan(Asia)                  National Diet

Jamaica(North America)                                                           Parliament of Jamaica

Jordan                       Majlis al-Umma

Kenya(Africa)   Parliament of Kenya

Kuwait(Asia)        National Assembly

Bangladesh(Asia)        Jatiya Sansad

Laos(Asia)            National Assembly

Latvia(Europe)                         Saeima

Liberia                                 Legislature

Lithuania(Europe)                   Seimas

Lybia(Africa)            General National                                                               Congress

Madagascar(Africa)             National                                              People’s Assembly

Malaysia(Asia) Diwan Rakiat Diwan                                                                  Negara

Maldives(Asia)                         Majlis

Mali(Africa)         National Assembly

Malta(Europe)   Parliament of Malta

Mauritius(Africa)                  National                                                              Assembly

Mexico(North America)                                                               Congress of the Union


 State Great Khural

Mojambique(Africa)      Assembly Of                                                       The Republic

Morocco(Africa)          Parliament of                                                               Morocco

Myanmar(Asia) Pyithu Hluttaw(Assembly                                               of the Union)

Nepal(Asia)                           Sansad

Netherlands(Europe) The States General

Newzealand(Oceanea)   Parliament

Norway(Europe)                    Storting

North Korea(Asia)Supreme People’s                                                              Assembly

Pakistan(Asia)          Majlis-e-Shoora

Paraguay(South America) Congress

Philippines(Asia)                 Congress

Poland(Europe)   National Assembly

Portugal(Europe,Africa)     Assembly                                                     of the Republic

Romania(Europe)             Parliament

Russia(Europe,Asia)              Federal                                                              Assembly

Saudi Arabia(Asia)Majlis Ash-Shura

Scotland             Scottish Parliament

Singapore(Asia)                Parliament

South Africa(Africa)         Parliament

 House of Assembly of S. Africa

Spain(Europe,Africa)               Cortes                                                             Generales

Switzerland(Europe)              Federal                                                              Assembly

Sweden(Europe)                    Riksdag

Ukraine                     Verkhovna Rada

United Kindom(Europe)     Congress

USA(North America)          Congress

Uruguay(South America)                                                                    General Assembly

Historic facts behind Country’s Parliamentary name

Its fact that Lesiglature is the parliament name of Liberia. The structure of Liberian parliament is bicameral one is the Senate which is upper house and the House of Representatives which is lower house. The Liberian parliament consists of 30 Senators and 73 Representatives.

The Verkhovna Rada is the parliament name of Ukraine. The parliament of Ukranian government is unicameral and structured with 450 deputies or members.

The zemsky sobor was the first Russian parliament of the feudal Estates type, in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Scottish Parliament is the parliament name of Scotland. The parliament is unicameral and legislative body of Scotland government structured with 129 members.

The Althing the parliament of Iceland formed in 930 AD, believed to be the oldest parliament in the world. Iceland’s parliament house that is Althing located in Reykjavik, was built in 1880-1881.

The Federal Diet of Switzerland was the legislative and executive body of the Swiss Confederacy which existed till the formation of the Swiss Federal state in 1848.

The Folketing popularly known as Danish Parliament is the unicameral national parliament of the Kingdom of Denmark which was established in 1849.

The State Great Khural is the unicameral parliament of Mangolia with 76 members.

The Storting is the supreme legislature of Norway established in 1814 by the Constitution of Norway. The unicameral parliament of Norway is structured with 169 members.

The Knesset is the national unicameral legislature of Israel structured with 120 members.

The Bundestag is the supreme legislature of federal Germany established in 1949. It consists of 709 members.

The Cortes Generales is the national bicameral legislature of Spain. Cortes parliament is structured with 616 members

The National Diet is the national bicameral legislature of Japan. The national parliament of Japan is structured with 717 members.

The Saeima is the parliament name of Republic of Latvia. This unicameral parliament is structured with 100 members.

The Riksdag is the national unicameral legislature of Sweden. The Swedish parliament is structured with 349 members.

Hellenic Parliament or Parliament of the Hellenes is the national unicameral legislature of Greece structured with 300 members.

The Oireachtas is the national bicameral legislature of Republic of Ireland. The parliament of Ireland is structured with 218 seats for members.

The Sansad or Parliament of India is the bicameral legislative body of Republic of India established in 26 January 1950. The two houses of the parliament consists of 790 members.

The Seimas is the name of parliament of Republic of Lithuania. The Seimas is unicameral and legislature of the government of Lithuania. Its 141 members are elected for a term of four year.

The United States Congress is the parliament or legislature of federal government of the United States established in 1789. The two houses(The Senate and The Representatives) of the US Congress consist of total 535 voting members.



AITT Exam 2018: Private candidates apply offline for Screening test for AITT, Notification @

All India Trade Test 2017-2018 exam shortly AITT notification has been released by West Bengal Government of Technical Education Training and Skill Development Department’s official website at Eligible Private candidates who are willing to take admission in Industrial Training Institutes can apply offline for Screening test to appear AITT exam 2018 conducted by National Council for Vocational Training. 

AITT Exam 2017- 2018

Every year the All India Trade Test  is conducted by National Council for Vocational Training(NCVT). The West Bengal Technical Education, Training and Skill Development Department is responsible for admission of students in ITI through their official website There are huge vacancy available for admission in various private ITI in West Bengal. The application form for Screening test for AITT 2018 is available at Directorate’s official website on and from 6 November to 15 November 2017. Private candidates should fill up the Directorate prescribed format and submit between 11 am to 4 pm at specified three addresses.

List of All ITI Colleges in West Bengal

Eligibility criteria for AITT Exam 2017-2018

Educational qualification should be same for undergoing designated trade courses in ITIs

A candidate should minimum 20 years of age as of 1January 2018 for Screening test to appear AITT exam

Three years of working experience he/she likes to appear from any organisations notified under Apprentices Act 1961, or any Central or State government authorized organisations.

The filled up forms to be submitted to these following addresses between 6/112017 – 15/11/2017 from 11 am to 4 pm

1. Office of the Director of Industrial Training, Karigari Bhawan, Opposite to UNI World City, 2nd floor, B/7, Action area III, New Town, Rajarhat, Kolkata-700160

2. Office of the Jt Director of Industrial Training, Durgapur Regional Office, 3rd Administrative Buildings(3rd Floor), City Centre, Durgapur-713216

3. Office of the Jt Director of Industrial Training, Siliguri Regional Office(ITI Siliguri Campus), 2nd Mile, Sevoke Road, P.O -Siliguri, Dist- Darjeeling, Pin-734401

All the submitted forms will be scrutinized and eligible candidates have to appear for a screening test.

List of all candidates eligible for Screening test along with date, time and venue will be published on Directorate website on and from 22/11/2017

An amount of 50 rupees to be deposited to this office by the enlisted candidates as Examination Fees to appear at the Screening test. They will be required to produce certificates in original.

AITT 2018 Exam Date, Admit card, syllabus, Result

Admit card for said Screening test will be issued from above offices only after deposit of Exam Fees on working days between 11 am to 4 pm from 28/11/2017 to 30/11/2017

The syllabus for AITT Exam 2018’s Screening test will be of two parts:

1. Practical Competency Test

2. Theoritical Competency Test

The tentative date of Screening test on Practical Competency is from 6 December to 7 December 2017

Result for Practical Competency Test will be published on 14/12/2017 on Directorate website

Those candidates who will qualify on Practical Competency Test will be called for Theoritical Competency Test. List of successfully part I passed out candidates along with date, time, venue of Theoritical Competency Test will be displayed on said Directorate website.

The tentative date of Theoritical Competency Test is 19/12/2017. Candidates will be allowed to appear Screening test on part II after producing of same admit card issued for Practical Competency Test.

The Theoritical Competency or Part II test will consist of four papers

i) Employability Skill

ii) Trade Theory

iii) Engineering Drawing

iv) Workshop Calculation for Science

Note: There will be no Engineering Drawings and Workshop Calculation and Science papers for non-engineering trades.

Result of part II or Theoritical Competency Test will be published on 26/12/2017 on Directorate website at

All candidates are requested to contact above addresses for further informations related to Screening test for AITT Exam 2018. If private candidates want previous question paper or model question sets for appearing in AITT 2018 screening test can download from official site.

The AITT exam screening test 2017-2018 will be held at these venues –

1) Govt ITI Gariahat – Trades are Electrician, Fitter, Machinist, Welder, Surveyor, Wireman, DMC, Sewing technology

2) Women Govt I.T.I Kolkata – Trades are Basic Cosmetology, COPA, Front Office Assistant

3) Govt I.T.I Howrah Homes – Trades are Carpenter, Painter General.

Official website

Download Form & Notification

Click Here



List of World Heritage Sites in India for all competitive exams

Do you want to know how many world heritage sites in India! Then at first you should know why a place becomes an world heritage site. In every competitive exams, several general knowledge questions, current affairs questions, news related questions come from topic Indian heritage site. Thats why we need to learn about important world heritage sites located in India. Here you can find most visited world heritage site, most popular world heritage site, most ancient world heritage site in India. So let’s check out following list of most important Indian heritage sites famous in the world.

A world heritage site is a place or area identified, protected and maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). A heritage site must have scientific, cultural, historical and other form of significance universally. 

India is a country enriched of arts, culture, history, architecture and beautiful nature. There are lots of places in India those have historical, scientific, architectural and natural importance. From these UNESCO has chosen 36 places and recognised them as World Heritage Site. These places includes parks, forest, dessert, memorial, city etc.

Among the 36 the first four Indian sites became world heritages are – Agra Fort, Ajanta Caves, Ellora Caves and Tajmahal same year in 1983. Since then 32 places have been added to the list finishing 2017’s addition of Historic City of Ahmedabad(India’s first UNESCO World Heritage City Site)as heritage site.

As of 2018 UNESCO have 1073 approved world heritage site spread within United Nation’s 193 member nations. And India ranks 6th amongst them by acquiring 36 sites led consecutively by Italy(53), China(52), Spain(46), France(43) and Germany(42) and also tops among South Asian countries(36 out of 59). Based in Paris, France, UNESCO with its constitution fully came into force in 1946. According to United Nation’s charter this organisation mainly focuses on education, culture, natural sciences, social sciences and communication. Securing of  cultural and natural world heritage sites is one of UNESCO’s main promoted programmes among international science ceminars, preserving human rights, freedom of press, literacy and world literature translations.

As per World Heritage Convention UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee is appointed to maintain and protect all of these heritage sites.


Latest List of World Heritage Sites In India 2018

Let’s explore why these 36 Indian sites became world heritage. We have listed state wise heritage sites, means you can guess how many heritage sites in each Indian state

Heritage Sites                          Location

1. Ajanta caves    >                       Maharashtra

The Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra has been listed as cultural World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. It is the first heritage site in India. The amazing rock-cut sculptures of Buddhist caves with nice paintings can be noticed here.

2. Agra Fort        >                       Uttar pradesh

In 1983 UNESCO inscribed the Agra Fort(also known as Red Fort of Agra) of Uttar Pradesh as a cultural heritage site. This is the first heritage site in India along with Ajanta Caves. Located near Yamuna river and 2.5 Kilometers long Agra Fort is a historic monument built with red sandstone during the reign of Emperor Akbar in 16th century making it one of the famous tourist spot.

3. Ellora caves    >                        Maharashtra

Ellora Caves of Maharashtra has been listed as a cultural World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. A mix religious arts of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism can be found here. The rock-cut well sculptured Ellora Caves are great examples of ancient civilization of India which built between 600-1000 AD.

4. Elephanta Caves   >                 Maharashtra


Elephanta Caves are collection of Hindu temples dedicated to lord Shiva. The rock -cut stone sculptures of Elephanta caves built in 19th century and now its under maintenance of Archaeological Survey of India. They are located on Elephanta island in Mumbai, in the Indian state of Maharashtra. This site was listed as World Heritage Site in 1987 for its cultural importance. 

5. Kaziranga wild life sanctuary >      Assam

The Kaziranga Wild life sanctuary located on eastern zone in India near Bhahmaputra river. It is a natural World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO in 1985. Kajiranga was declared National Park in 1974 and covering an area of 106200 acres. Kajiranga sanctuary most famous for one-horned rhinoceros.

6. Qutb Minar         >                                   Delhi


Qutb Minar is a cultural World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO and located in Delhi. The height of Qutb Minar is 72 metres. The construction work of this historic site was started in 1192 by Qutubuddin Aibak and completed by Iltutmis in 13th century.

7. Keoladeo National Park >                            Bharatpur, Rajasthan

It is one of the historical national park in India formerly known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Spreading over an area of 29 squar kilometres this biosphere reserve is home to 350 bird species. The park was declared as protected sanctuary and established in 1982.

8. Sun Temple of Konark >                   Odissa


The Konark Sun Temple is a historic piece of architecture built in 13th-century CE. The state of Odisha became proud when the temple inscribed in world heritage list in 1984. The ancient culture of Odisha reflected here.

9. Khajuraho >                        Madhyapradesh


The Khajuraho is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh famous for nagara-style architectural symbolism and erotic sculptures. Various type of arts can be noticed into the idols of temples. The Khajuraho temples were built during reign of Chandella dynasty in 1000 CE. Every year Khajuraho Dance Festival is celebrated here. Khajuraho was mentioned in Persian historian Al-Biruni’s writings.

10. Churches & Convents of Goa >          Goa

Churches and Covents of Goa is a set of religious monuments located in territory of Goa listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. It is a cultural site built during Portuguese empire.

11. Champaner- Pavagadh Archaeological Park  >                                                      Gujarat

The Champaner city was founded by one of the most influential Emperor of Gujarat Sultanate Mahmud Begada in 14th century. The park includes archaeological, historic and cultural heritage monuments of capital of state of Gujarat. The heritage site is filled with forts and bastions extends from hills of Pavagadh to city of Champaner. Hindu and Muslim culture and architectures are reflected here. In 2004 it was inscribed by UNESCO as a Heritage Site.

12. Temple of Chola  >                    Tamilnadu


The Great Living Chola Temples are the group of Hindu temples built during reign of Chola dynasty in 11 century in Indian state of Tamilnadu. The site includes Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and Airavatsvara Temple at Darasuram. This site became cultural heritage of India in 1987.

13. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus                            >                                               Maharashtra


The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly known as Victoria Terminus is a historic railway station in Mumbai, Maharashtra built in 1887 to commemorate Queen Victoria. It is one of the best Indian architecture designed by Frederick William Stevens. It is one of the busiest railway station in India. It was renamed in 1996 from Victoria Terminus to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to commemorate Chhatrapati Shivaji the founder of the Maratha Empire. The site became world heritage in 2004

14. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur >         Rajasthan


The Jantar Mantar monument in Jaipur, Rajasthan is a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734. It is an World Heritage Site inscribed by UNESCO in 2010 located near City Palace and Hawa Mahal of Jaipur.

15. Tajmahal          >                    Uttarpradesh


Tajmahal is a great historic memorial built by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1632 in memory of Empress Mumtaj Mahal. It is also one of the seven wonders of the world. It is a tomb built with white marbles and includes mosques and guest houses. Tajmahal located on river bank of Yamuna in the Indian city of Agra. It was included in heritage list in 1983.

16. Nandadevi Sanctuary & Valley of Flowers                                  >       Uttarakhand

Nandadevi Sanctuary & Valley of Flowers is a national park established in 1982 located around peak of Nanda Devi. It was became heritage of India in 1988

17. Temple of Pattadakal  >           Karnataka


Pattadakal is a complex of Hindu and Jain temples located on Mahaprabha river in the Indian state of Karnataka. This cultural heritage were built during reign of historic Chalukya dynadty. The site was listed by UNESCO in 1987 and now under maintenance of Archaeological Survey of India.

18. Mountain Railways of India > West Bengal, Tamilnadu, Himachal

The Mountain Railways of India consists of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway became UNESCO world heritage consecutively in 1999, 2005 and in 2008.

19. Fatehpur Sikri   >                  Uttarpradesh


Fatehpur Sikri is also known as ‘City of Victory’ is a town in Agra District, UttarPradesh, India built in 16th century by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1569.

20. Bhimbetka    >                  Madhyapradesh


The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka is a nice rock paintings and beautiful rock sculptures located located in the foothills of Vindhya range of hills in the state of Madhya Pradesh.

21. Great Temple of Mahabalipuram >           Tamilnadu


22.Complex of Mahavodhi Temple >     Bihar

The Mahavodhi Temple is one of great example of Indian culture was built during the reign of Emperor Ashoka in 3rd century. Its covering an area of 12 acres in Bihar. This temple was listed as cultural heritage site by UNESCO. The structure of temple built completely with bricks. Siddhartha Goutam Buddha gained ‘Bodhi’ from here and spread buddhism all over the world.

23. Manas Wild Life Sanctuary >        Assam 

Manas Wild life Sanctuary is a natural heritage site listed by UNESCO in 1985. It is located in north-eastern state of Assam near Manas river. Manas sanctuary includes tiger, Indian rhinoceros, buffaloes, clouded leopard, golden langur, Indian elephant, birds and various type of species. Manas was declared a sanctuary in 1928 and in 1973 declared a tiger reserve. Manas sanctuary covering a total area of 120000 acres.

24. Red Fort Complex >                            Delhi


Red Fort is palace fort built by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan in 17th century. Red Fort located in Delhi near Yamuna river. The outside of fort is built of sandstone. UNESCO listed Red Fort as a cultural World Heritage Site. Total Red Fort complex area covered by 120 acres.

25. Buddhist Monuments of Sanchi     >                Madhyapradesh


Sanchi is a Buddhist complex famous for its Great Stupa at Sanchi town in Raisen district of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. The Sanchi is located 46 kilometres north-east of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the oldest stone made architectue built by the Great Emperor Ashoka in 3rd century BCE. It is one of the main witness of the Mauryan Empire.

26. Sundarvans National Park >West Bengal

The Sundarvans National Park, the largest Mangrove forest in the world is a national park, tiger reserve, UNESCO World Heriage Site located in Sundarvans, the delta of the river Ganges bordered by Bay of Bengal, in West Bengal

27. Temple of Hampi & Vijaynagar>                                                                             Karnataka


The world heritage site Hampi is a Group of Monuments located on the bank of river Tungabhadra, in Karnataka. The Hampi contains the historic witness of the Great Vijaynagar Empire. The Heritage site of Hampi is surrounded by Hindu and Jain temples and reflect the ancient Dravidian culture.

28. Tomb of Humayun      >                      Delhi


Tomb of Humayun was built in 1570 during Mughal empire. It is a cultural World Heritage monument listed by UNESCO in 1993. The tomb built in marbels and chhatris.

29. Western Ghats                 >  ——–

The Western Ghats is also known as Sahyadri Mountains. It lies on western side of India and became world heritage in 2012.

30. Hill Forts of Rajasthan   >         Rajasthan

Hill Forts of Rajasthan are a series of rocky places of Aravallis maountain range in Rajasthan. This property consists of Chittor Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Amer Fort, Gagron Fort and Jaisalmer Fort. These fort complex includes palaces, Hindu and Jain temples and represents the power and influence of Rajput military forces.

31. Rani ki Vav         >                   Patan,Gujrat

Rani ki Vav is a stepwell located in the town of Patan, Gujarat, India. The reason behind popularity is its size and sculpture. The length of Rani ki Vav is more than 64m long, 20m wide and 27m deep and there are more than 500 sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.  Rani ki vav was built in 11th century CE. It was became world heritage in 2014

32. Great Himalayan National Park                    >  Himachal pradesh

Great Himalayan National Park is one of the national park in India located in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. Spreading an area of 1170 square kilometers the park came into existence in 1984. Great Himalayan Park is home to different type of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, mollusks and insects. This place became world heritage in 2014.

33. Nalanda   >                                           Bihar

Nalanda was a large Buddhist monastery during the reign of ancient Magadha empire. It is located near Bihar Sharif, Patna. Nalanda became an university from fifth to twelfth century CE. It is an Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. Its a great place for tourism.

34. Khangchendzoga National Park >Sikkim

Kanchenjunga National Park or Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve is a national park in Indian state of Sikkim. It is the first mixed heritage in India inscribed in 2016 in UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The park named from Kangchenjunga(8586 meter)the third-highest mountain peak in the world. It is the home of snow leopard, mask deer, Himalayan tahr like animals. Zemu Glacier flows within this park.

35. The Architectural Work Of  Le Corbusier        >                                                Chandigarh

The 20th century made urban and architectural work of Le Corbusier is home to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret and Albert Mayer. It came on heritage list in 2016

36. Historic City of Ahmedabad >      Gujarat

The most recent heritage site in India the Historic City of Ahmedabad was established by Emperor Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate in 1411 CE. It was declared first heritage city in India in 2017 at 41st session of World Heritage Committee.


    ** List is updated till new addition 2018** 

List of All Canadian Nobel Prize Winners Ever

If you are looking for study material about Nobel winners by country or people from Canada who won Nobel between 1901 to 2018 then follow this article. This article deals about those 23 Nobel laureates who acquired this prize in six category and rank among 923 individuals and organizations who have been awarded Nobel Prize and Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Sciences. Being a North American country Canada showed the world their talents by contributing in six different Nobel category- physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, peace, literature and economics. Canada made history when Frederick G. Banting prouded own country by receiving Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1923. That was the journey, after that twenty two Canadian Nobel laureates made own country famous by receiving Nobel till 2018. Many of them brought international honors for country but Nobel Prize is the most important and prestigious award among them. Either its Frederick’s discovery of insulin or Arthur’s discovery of nutreno oscillations, Canada is proud of such winners on international stage.

All these Canadian individual Nobel winners are some of citizen by birth or by migration. The Canadians grabbed this six categorised prize from the one and only Nobel Prize issuing body – Nobel Foundation, administered by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Canada ranks among top eight Nobel Prize winning countries led by United States(371 winners), United Kingdom(128 winners), Germany(107 winners),France(68 winners), Sweden(31 winners), Switzerland(26 winners), and Japan(26 winners).

Canadian Nobel Winners Quick Statistics

Four Canadians have won Nobel Prize in Physics. Maximum number of Nobel Prize winners are in Chemistry which is seven. Only two Canadians prouded own country by winning Nobel Prize in literature. Five Canadian received Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. Three won Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences. Among 23 Canadians, one individual and an organisation won Nobel Peace Prize.

The first Canadian won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1923. The first Canadian won Nobel Peace Prize in 1957. The first Canadian won Nobel Prize in economic science in 1996. The first Canadian won Nobel Prize in physics in 1990. The first Canadian ever to win a Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1949. The first Canadian to win a Nobel Prize in literature in 1976. 

What is Nobel Prize

According to the final Will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel the prizes were established in 1895. At first the prizes in physics, chemistry, peace, physiology or medicine and literature were awarded in 1901. Later in 1969 the Sveriges Riksbank first introduced the Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Sciences which was given to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen.

Nobel Peace Prize is provided by Norwegian Nobel Committee. Except peace and economics all the prizes are awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm headed by Nobel Foundation. A Nobel Prize winner is called by Laureate. Each Nobel laureates receives a gold medal, a diploma and a sum of 9 million sek which are provided on a annual ceremony held in Stockholm, Sweden.

All Canadian Nobel

Laureates List

So let’s check out all people from Canada who received Nobel Prize ever from 1901 to 2018

Canadian Nobel Prize Winners in Physics 1901-2018


1. Arthur B. McDonald

The winner of 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics is Canadian astrophysicist Arthur Bruce McDonald. McDonald is the most recent winner jointly received the prize with another Japanese physicist Takaaki Kajita. McDonald completed his higher studies and researches from Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia and California Institute of Technology. Arthur McDonal was awarded with 2016 Fundamental Physics Prize for discovery of neutrino oscillations, 2007 Benjamin Franklin Medal etc.

2. Willard Boyle

The well known Canadian physicist Willard Sterling Boyle was honoured with 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of imaging cemiconductor circuit the charge-coupled-device. Boyle spent his life with McGill University , Royal Military College of Canada.

3. Bertram Brockhouse

Alberta born Bertram Brockhouse is the only Canadian physicist who won 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics jointly with another American physicist Clifford Shull for neutron scattering techniques. Bertram is the winner of Henry Marshall Tory Medal and Duddell Medal Prize.

4. Richard E. Taylor

Richard E. Taylor is the first Canadian to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics. Nobel Foundation awarded this prize in 1990 for his contribution to deep enelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons essential for particle physics. Born in Alberta Taylor completed his degrees in University of Alberta and Stanford University, USA. Rechard E.Taylor is the 140th among those 207 Nobel Laureates awarded between 1901-2017. Taylor won Nobel eighty nine years after the inaugural laureate German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen received in 1901.

Canadian Nobel Prize Winners in Chemistry 1901-2018

5. William Giauque

William Giauque is the first Canadian to receive a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Giauque became popular after Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences awarding him Nobel Prize in 1949 for his absolute zero temperature and matter related research. Born in Ontario, Canada in 1895, Giauque shifted later in USA and spent his most educational scholarships, degrees, research at University of California, Berkeley, USA.

6. Gerherd Herzberg

Gerhard Herzberg was honoured with Nobel in 1971 for his contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals. Herzberg’s main work associated with atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Herzberg born in Germany but spent maximum time of his life in Canada. After getting Canadian citizenship he became Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario from 1973 to 1980. Gerherd was also awarded Henry Marshall Tory Award in 1953.

7. Henry Taube

Henry Taube is a Canadian born American chemist awarded Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1983 for his work in the mechanisms of electron-transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes. Taube completed his Masters degree at University of Saskatchewan and Ph.D from University of California, Berkeley. Along with Nobel he was honoured with National Medal of Science 1976, Priestley Medal 1985.

8. John Polanyi

John Polanyi got Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1986 for his research in chemical kinetics. Polanyi is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist who educated at Manchester University. Polanyi was elected Fellow of the Royal Society(FRS) in 1971, awarded Royal Society of Canada in 1977, honoured with Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Prize in 1988. 

9. Sydney Altman

Sydney Altman is a Canadian-American molecular-biologist awarded Nobel for Chemistry in 1989 along with another American chemist namely Thomas R. Cech.

10. Rudolf A. Marcus

Rudolf A. Marcus got Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1992 for his contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems. Mercus-theory is named after him.

11. Michael Smith – 1993

Michael Smith won Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1993 for his work in developing site-directed mutagenesis. Smith is a British-born Canadian biochemist and a businessman. He completed Ph. D and B. Sc in University of Manchester.

Canadian Nobel Prize Winners in Literature 1901-2018

12. Saul Bellow

Saul Bellow a Canadian-American writer became a Nobel laureate in Literature in 1976. He is the only writer to win US National Book Award for Fiction three times. He was also honoured with Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1976, National Medal of Arts 1988 etc. His notable novels are The Victim, Seize the Day, Herzog(1964), Humboldt’s Gift(1975), A Theft(1989) etc.

13. Alice Munro

The notable short story writer Alice Munro won Nobel Prize in Literature in 2013. Munro is the 110th among those 114 laureates who were awarded Nobel Prize between 1901 to 2017.  Munro is the first woman-Canadian to win a Nobel Prize in Literature. Her work is known as ‘master of contemporary short story’. Along with Nobel, Munro was awarded with ‘Man Booker International Prize’ in 2009, Giller Prize in 1998 and 2004 and ‘Governor General’s Award’ in 1968,1978 and 1986. Some of her award winning original books are Dance of the Happy Shades, Lives of Girls and Women, The Progress of Love, Friend of My Youth, The Love of a Good Woman etc.

Canadian Nobel Prize Winners in Physiology or Medicine 1901-2018

14. Charles B. Huggins – 1966

Charles B. Huggins became a Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine in 1966 for discovering that hormones can be used to control of spread of some cancers. Huggins is the pioneer to produce medicines to control cancer.

15. Frederick G. Banting –

Ontario, Canada born medical scientist Frederick G. Banting received Nobel Prize in Medicine for discovery of insulin. Banting’s insulin discovery made a revolution in science. For this extreme contribution Banting was honoured by Nobel Foundation of Stockholm in 1923. As a first Canadian ever Banting received Nobel Prize in Medicine along with a Scottish scientist John James Rickard Macleod. He has a deep relationship with University of Toronto regarding his medical practice. Banting recorded as a youngest winner in Medicine or Physiology area by winning Nobel at the age of 32.

16. David H. Hubel

David Hunter Hubel was a Canadian neurophysiologist awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1981 for discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system. He was associated with McGill University.

17. Jack W. Szostak

Jack William Szostak was awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Meducine in 2009 for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by tolomeres.

18. Ralph N. Steinman – 2011

Chronologically Ralph N. Steinman is the 21st Canadian to receive Nobel prize. Steinman was a physician and medical researcher at Rockefeller University. He got Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2011. He was associated with McGill University and Harvard University.

Canadian Nobel Prize Winners in Economics 1901-2018

19. William Vickrey – 1996

William Spencer Vickrey the professor of economics won 1996 Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Sciences. The Sveriges Riksbank awarded Nobel for his research into economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information. Vickrey received this prize along with Scottish economist James Mirrlees same year. From Ragnar Frisch to Richard Thaler a total number of 79 laureates have been awarded Nobel in Economics till 2017 and William Vickrey is the 40th person among them. In Nobel history William Vickrey is the first Canadian ever to win a Nobel Prize in Economics. Born in Victoria, Canada Vickrey completed his higher studies from Columbia University.

20. Robert Mundell

Chronologically Robert Mundell is the 18th Canadian Nobel prize winner. Mundell was awarded Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1999 for his pioneering work in monetary dynamics and optimum currency areas. Mundell is known as “father” of the Euro for his help in movement known as ‘supply-side economics. He is also known by Mundell-Fleming model. Mundell was associated with University of Waterloo, McGill University, Columbia University and Johns Hopkins University etc.

21. Myron Scholes – 1997

Canadian Nobel Prize Winners in Peace 1901-2018

22. Lester B. Pearson

Nobel history says Lester Bowles Pearson is the one and only individual from Canada who won the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1957 the Swedish Nobel Foundation honoured Pearson with Nobel Prize for his excellent job in resolving Suez Canal Crisis by organising United Nations Emergency Force. Pearson is the 54th among those 104 individuals and 27 organisations awarded Nobel Prize between 1901-2017. Lester B. Pearson served as 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968 representing Liberal party. From 1948 to 1957, he served as Canadian Foreign Minister. He was a diplomat, soldier and played a important roll in Canadian politics and completed education from Toronto University and Oxford University. He also served as 8th President of the United Nations General Assembly in 1952. Pearson received Nobel Prize 56 years after the inaugural 1901’s Red Cross founder Swiss Henry Dunant.

23. Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

After fifty years of Nuclear attack on Japan’s Hiroshima and Nagashaki, the Pugwash Conference and Joseph Rotblat jointly received the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize for their contributions in disarmament of nuclear weapons in international politics. Earl(Bertrand)Russel, the 1950 Nobel winner in literature, was the founder of Pugwash movment and the initial head of this organization.